Major Funding The Laura Moore Cunningham Foundation



Climate: Glossary

A

absorb
soak in, retain
adapt
to change behaviors in order to survive or succeed
altitude
height or distance from sea level of a place
analyze
to study or examine something in order to explain
atmosphere
the blanket of air around the earth where weather happens
average
typical, usual

B

biome
plants, animals, and climate found in a certain area

C

carbon dioxide
a gas released by the burning of coal, natural gas, oil, and wood that traps heat in the atmosphere.
carbon footprint
the amount of carbon dioxide one human releases into the environment in one year
climatologist
scientist who studies climate
coral reef
a structure or ridge of coral skeletons that forms in warm, shallow sea waters

D

deciduous forest
forests where trees lose their leaves each year
drought
abnormal dry weather causing a shortage of water

E

emit
give off
equator
an imaginary line going around the earth halfway between the north and south poles
evaporation
the process by which liquid water changes to water vapor
extreme
a kind or degree that is much beyond what is normal or average

F

forecast
prediction of a future event or condition
fossil fuels
coal, oil, and natural gas, which come from the remains of ancient plants and animals over millions of years

G

glacier
large bodies of ice that remain permanently frozen and may move slowly

H

humidity
water vapor or moisture in the air

I

interact
two or more things act upon each other

L

latitude
distance measured from the earth's equator either north or south

M

measure
to use numbers to describe a trait or condition
meteorologist
scientist who studies weather
methane
a gas produced by microbes in wetlands and rice paddies and by the digestive tracts of animals such as cattle and sheep.
moderate
not too much or too little, within medium limits

N

nitrous oxide
a gas produced when chemicals in human-produced fertilizers break down in the soil text

O

ocean currents
a river-like movement of water in the ocean that flows in one direction

P

permafrost
the permanently frozen subsoil ground layer found in arctic and subarctic regions
photosynthesis
The process by which plants use sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide to make their own food and release oxygen
pollinator
organisms that spread pollen among or within plants, such as bees and butterflies
precipitation
water that falls to the earth's surface in the form of rain, snow, sleet or hail
prevailing
most common

R

range
the difference between highest and lowest
regional
referring to a given area
reproduce
to have young

S

satellite
spacecraft equipment that orbit the earth to take measurements and send back information

T

temperature
a measure of how hot or cold something is
temperature variation
change or difference between high and low temperatures
temporary
not lasting or permanent
transport
move from one place to another
tundra
biome with plains of permanently frozen subsoil and no trees

V

variety
diversity, having different types or forms
vegetation
plant life

W

water vapor
water in the form of gas

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